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Run Amazon FreeRTOS on M5Stack Core2 for AWS – ESP32 IoT Development Kit で Amazon FreeRTOS (macOS)

m5stack core2
I bought M5Stack Core2 for AWS – ESP32 IoT Development Kit recently.
I wanted to try Amazon FreeRTOS using this device, but I couldn’t find a document or blog which explain how to do it from start to end. So, I leave a memo for myself. My envrionemnt is macOS 12.4. About Python, I faced some error with pipenv or virtualenv. So, I didn’t use them.

Installing ESP-IDF

At first, installing ESP-IDF which is develoment framework for ESP32. I executed the following commands which are same as the official document.

mkdir esp && cd esp
git clone -b release/v4.2 --recursive https://github.com/espressif/esp-idf.git
cd esp-idf
./install.sh esp32

Setting up Amazon FreeRTOS

Next, Downloading FreeRTOS from GitHub and setup.

git clone https://github.com/aws/amazon-freertos --recursive

If you don’t have AWS CLI, please install it. The official document explain how to install it. After installing, a credential info should be set by the following command. I followed the instruction in the official document, and I created new IAM user which has AmazonFreeRTOSFullAccess and AWSIoTFullAccess policies and used the user credential.

aws configure

The following Python libraries should be installed.

pip install tornado nose
pip install boto3

To run SeupAWS.py in the FreeRTOS repository, let’s input WI-FI info to amazon-freertos/tools/aws_config_quick_start/configure.json.

{
    "afr_source_dir":"../..",
    "thing_name":"M5Stack Core2 for AWS's AWS IoT thing name",
    "wifi_ssid":"WI-FI SSID",
    "wifi_password":"WI-FI password",
    "wifi_security":"WI-FI security type"
}

Regarding wifi_security, there is value list in the README. Let’s run SetupAWS.py script.

cd tools/aws_config_quick_start/
python SetupAWS.py

You can see AWS IoT Thing in the AWS IoT console.

Building and writing a demo

This part build coreMQTT Mutual Authentication demo in the FreeRTOS repository and write to M5Stack Core2 for AWS. At first, installing ESP-IDF tool chain.

cd /path/to/amazon-freertos
vendors/espressif/esp-idf/install.sh
source vendors/espressif/esp-idf/export.sh

Then, building the demo and write to M5Stack Core2 for AWS. Please connecting to M5Stack Core2 for AWS with USB before executing the following commands.

idf.py -DVENDOR=espressif -DBOARD=esp32_wrover_kit -DCOMPILER=xtensa-esp32 build
idf.py erase_flash
idf.py flash
idf.py monitor

If you want to leave from monitory, please type Ctrl + ] key. I couldn’t leave with Ctrl + c and Ctrl + z. You can see like the following log in monitor. The demo send messages (Hello World!) to a MQTT topic (<thing name>/example/topic). You can see the messages using AWS IoT console MQTT test client.

...

223 6712 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=42.

224 6712 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1045] [INFO] [MQTT] De-serialized incoming PUBLISH packet: DeserializerResult=MQTTSuccess.

225 6712 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1058] [INFO] [MQTT] State record updated. New state=MQTTPubAckSend.

226 6712 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1116] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Incoming QoS : 1


227 6712 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1127] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Incoming Publish Topic Name: m5stackcore2/example/topic matches subscribed topic.Incoming Publish Message : 228 6814 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:572] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Keeping Connection Idle...

229 7014 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:552] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Publish to the MQTT topic m5stackcore2/example/topic.

230 7014 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:562] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Attempt to receive publish message from broker.

231 7020 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=2.

232 7020 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1162] [INFO] [MQTT] Ack packet deserialized with result: MQTTSuccess.

233 7020 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1175] [INFO] [MQTT] State record updated. New state=MQTTPublishDone.

234 7022 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1054] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] PUBACK received for packet Id 6.

235 7025 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=42.

236 7025 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1045] [INFO] [MQTT] De-serialized incoming PUBLISH packet: DeserializerResult=MQTTSuccess.

237 7025 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1058] [INFO] [MQTT] State record updated. New state=MQTTPubAckSend.

238 7025 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1116] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Incoming QoS : 1


239 7025 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1127] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Incoming Publish Topic Name: m5stackcore2/example/topic matches subscribed topic.Incoming Publish Message : 240 7125 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:572] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Keeping Connection Idle...

241 7325 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:580] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Unsubscribe from the MQTT topic m5stackcore2/example/topic.

242 7331 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=2.

243 7331 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1085] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Unsubscribed from the topic m5stackcore2/example/topic.

244 7431 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:602] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Disconnecting the MQTT connection with xxxxxxxxxxx.iot.ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com.

245 7431 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:2149] [INFO] [MQTT] Disconnected from the broker.


...


238 6956 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1116] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Incoming QoS : 1


239 6956 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1127] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Incoming Publish Topic Name: m5stackcore2/example/topic matches subscribed topic.Incoming Publish Message : 240 7056 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:572] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Keeping Connection Idle...

241 7256 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:580] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Unsubscribe from the MQTT topic m5stackcore2/example/topic.

242 7262 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=2.

243 7262 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:1085] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Unsubscribed from the topic m5stackcore2/example/topic.

244 7362 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:602] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Disconnecting the MQTT connection with xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.iot.ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com.

245 7362 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:2149] [INFO] [MQTT] Disconnected from the broker.

246 7363 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:631] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Demo completed an iteration successfully.

247 7364 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:632] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Demo iteration 3 completed successfully.

248 7364 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:644] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Short delay before starting the next iteration.... 

249 7864 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_mutual_auth.c:655] [INFO] [MQTT_MutualAuth_Demo] Demo run is successful with 3 successful loops out of total 3 loops.

250 7864 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][78640] memory_metrics::freertos_heap::before::bytes::223740

251 7864 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][78640] memory_metrics::freertos_heap::after::bytes::127640

252 7864 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][78640] memory_metrics::demo_task_stack::before::bytes::5848

253 7864 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][78640] memory_metrics::demo_task_stack::after::bytes::2584

I (80335) wifi:state: run -> init (0)
I (80335) wifi:pm stop, total sleep time: 64309502 us / 77261588 us

I (80335) wifi:new:<2,0>, old:<2,0>, ap:<255,255>, sta:<2,0>, prof:1
I (80335) WIFI: WIFI_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED: 63
254 7964 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][79640] Demo completed successfully.

E (80345) wifi_init: Wi-Fi not stop
I (80355) WIFI: WIFI_EVENT_STA_STOP
I (80365) wifi:flush txq
I (80365) wifi:stop sw txq
I (80365) wifi:lmac stop hw txq
I (80365) wifi:Deinit lldesc rx mblock:10
255 7968 [iot_thread] [INFO ][INIT][79680] SDK cleanup done.

256 7968 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][79680] -------DEMO FINISHED-------

Building and writing another demo

This part builds another demo (AWS IoT Device Shadow demo application) and write to M5Stack Core2 for AWS. You can swtich demo application by updating vendors/espressif/boards/esp32/
aws_demos/config_files/aws_demo_config.h (Line 53).

#define CONFIG_DEVICE_SHADOW_DEMO_ENABLED

Then, executing the following commands same as coreMQTT demo.

idf.py -DVENDOR=espressif -DBOARD=esp32_wrover_kit -DCOMPILER=xtensa-esp32 build
idf.py erase_flash
idf.py flash
idf.py monitor

You can see like the following log in monitor.

2 7 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][70] ---------STARTING DEMO---------


I (752) BTDM_INIT: BT controller compile version [bfbbe1e]
3 7 [iot_thread] [INFO ][INIT][70] SDK successfully initialized.

...

93 1253 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:685] [INFO] [MQTT] Cleaned up outgoing publish packet with packet id 10.



94 1264 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=206.

95 1264 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1045] [INFO] [MQTT] De-serialized incoming PUBLISH packet: DeserializerResult=MQTTSuccess.

96 1264 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:1058] [INFO] [MQTT] State record updated. New state=MQTTPubAckSend.

97 1264 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:695] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] pPublishInfo->pTopicName:$aws/things/m5stackcore2/shadow/update/accepted.

98 1264 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:590] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] /update/accepted json payload:{"state":{"reported":{"powerOn":1}},"metadata":{"reported":{"powerOn":{"timestamp":1656813737}}99 1264 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:637] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] clientToken: 001246

100 1264 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:642] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] receivedToken:1246, clientToken:1246 


101 1264 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:650] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] Received response from the device shadow. Previously published update with clientToken=1246 has been accepted. 

102 1305 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:984] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] Start to unsubscribe shadow topics and disconnect from MQTT. 


103 1305 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:1028] [INFO] [MQTT] UNSUBSCRIBE sent topic $aws/things/m5stackcore2/shadow/update/delta to broker.



104 1311 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=2.

105 1311 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:733] [INFO] [MQTT] MQTT_PACKET_TYPE_UNSUBACK.



106 1371 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:1028] [INFO] [MQTT] UNSUBSCRIBE sent topic $aws/things/m5stackcore2/shadow/update/accepted to broker.



107 1377 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=2.

108 1377 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:733] [INFO] [MQTT] MQTT_PACKET_TYPE_UNSUBACK.



109 1437 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:1028] [INFO] [MQTT] UNSUBSCRIBE sent topic $aws/things/m5stackcore2/shadow/update/rejected to broker.



110 1444 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:886] [INFO] [MQTT] Packet received. ReceivedBytes=2.

111 1444 [iot_thread] [mqtt_demo_helpers.c:733] [INFO] [MQTT] MQTT_PACKET_TYPE_UNSUBACK.



112 1504 [iot_thread] [core_mqtt.c:2149] [INFO] [MQTT] Disconnected from the broker.

113 1504 [iot_thread] [shadow_demo_main.c:1041] [INFO] [ShadowDemo] Demo iteration 1 is successful.

114 1504 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][15040] memory_metrics::freertos_heap::before::bytes::223324

115 1504 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][15040] memory_metrics::freertos_heap::after::bytes::122928

116 1506 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][15060] memory_metrics::demo_task_stack::before::bytes::5848

117 1506 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][15060] memory_metrics::demo_task_stack::after::bytes::2952

I (16742) wifi:state: run -> init (0)
I (16742) wifi:pm stop, total sleep time: 8346384 us / 13687395 us

I (16742) wifi:new:<2,0>, old:<2,0>, ap:<255,255>, sta:<2,0>, prof:1
I (16742) WIFI: WIFI_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED: 63
E (16752) wifi_init: Wi-Fi not stop
I (16752) WIFI: WIFI_EVENT_STA_STOP
118 1606 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][16060] Demo completed successfully.

I (16772) wifi:flush txq
I (16772) wifi:stop sw txq
I (16772) wifi:lmac stop hw txq
I (16772) wifi:Deinit lldesc rx mblock:10
119 1610 [iot_thread] [INFO ][INIT][16100] SDK cleanup done.

120 1610 [iot_thread] [INFO ][DEMO][16100] -------DEMO FINISHED-------

And you can see a Device Shadow state in the AWS IoT console.

Writing Core2FactoryTest application

Core2FactoryTest application is not the initial application of M5Stack Core2 for AWS, but sounds good for default application. So, let’s write it to the device. M5Burner is needed to do it, so let’s install M5Burner. You can install it from here. In my environment, I should run the following comannd to run M5Burner. (I checked the FAQ)

/Applications/M5Burner.app/Contents/MacOS/electron-m5burner-v2-eletron

In M5Burner, selecting COM port, searching Core2FactoryTest and then pushing Burn button.
You can hear a sound and see like the following screen (after tap the screen) in M5Stack Core2 for AWS after burning.

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